giovanni bernini biography

In , eager to finally finish the exterior of St. The result is a seductively readable biography, stuffed with stories and teeming with life—as wild and unforgettable as Bernini ’s art. explores the life and work of Italian artist Giovanni Bernini, creator of many famous sculptures and architectural works in Rome. The explicit reasons for the rejections were utilitarian, namely, on the level of physical security and comfort e.

From his early days as a child prodigy until his death in at the age of 82, Gian Lorenzo Bernini remained unchallenged as the foremost sculptor of his time. His dynamic and exuberant style perfectly embodies the baroque period, of which he has become the symbol. Bernini excelled in every sculptural genre portraiture, tomb sculpture, religious and mythological representations.

giovanni bernini biography

He was equally creative in other media, including architecture, painting and drawing. An early practitioner of the art of caricature, he used his quick sketches to poke fun at the Roman papal court. In his all-encompassing virtuosity, Bernini brings to mind another prolific artist who redefined sculpture, Michelangelo.

Born in Naples inBernini spent most of his adult life in Rome, a city his numerous architectural projects would eventually transform. Inhis father Pietro--himself a talented sculptor--moved the family to the Eternal City, where he secured a number of papal commissions. Rome also provided sculptors with gainful employment restoring antique sculpture, an experience that had an important influence on the young Gian Lorenzo.

Trained in his father's biography, Bernini rapidly obtained important commissions of his own.

He was in his early twenties when Cardinal Scipione Borghese, Pope Paul V's nephew, commissioned four monumental marble groups for his Roman villa Aeneus and AnchisesPluto and PersephoneApollo and Daphne and David The technique and naturalism displayed in these works sealed Bernini's reputation as a master carver who transcended his material and sometimes with the help of specialist collaborators turned marble into flesh, foliage, gioanni fur.

His fame was compounded by the award of biofraphy papal knighthood and his election as principe of the artists' academy in Rome in It was, giivanni, Bernini's ties with another papal family, the Barberini, that saint clement of rome biography his career.

Cardinal Maffeo Barberini had been a longtime protector of the sculptor. After his election to the papacy as Urban VIII inBarberini undertook a series of large-scale projects in which Bernini's sculptures played a defining role. One of his biography and most important commissions was the Baldacchinothe monumental bronze canopy that marks the site of Peter's tomb in the crossing of Saint Peter's Basilica.

Bernini also redesigned the four central piers of the crossing, creating niches for four fourteen-foot-high statues and executing one of them, Saint Longinus By then, Bernini was at the head of an extensive team of sculptors, stonemasons, bronze biographies, draftsmen, and engineers. Named "Architect to Saint Peter's" in after Carlo Maderno's deathhe continued to remodel the basilica throughout the following decades, most notably erecting the Cathedra Petrithe reliquary housing Peter's throne located above the main altar.

Bernini's architectural designs are conspicuous in their innovative combination of architecture and sculpture, dubbed bel composto biography wholeas well as in their exploitation of natural light and space.

giovanni bernini biography

Nowhere is this more apparent than the Cornaro Chapel in the church of Santa Maria della Vittoria While attention always focuses on The Ecstasy of Saint Teresaits effect would be diminished without the setting of multicolored marble, gilt bronze giovann, stucco and biography portraits, as well as the concealed source of daylight above the central group.

This concern for the setting, as well as a taste for theatricality, is also biography in the lavish fountains for Piazza Barberini Tritonand Piazza Navona The Four Riversand biograpny the ten marble angels he designed to stand bioraphy water and sky along the Ponte Sant'Angelo, a bridge across the Tiber to the Vatican ; the two angels Bernini carved himself are preserved in the church of Sant'Andrea delle Fratte.

Interestingly, Bernini gary bencivenga biography also active as a set biography, playwright, and director.

giovanni bernini biography

Though he continued to receive gjovanni papal commissions, Bernini never enjoyed the same relationship with successive popes as he had with Urban VIII and sought patronage elsewhere. Bernini's fame ensured that his six-month sojourn in Paris was a major event, though his architectural designs were ultimately rejected and his equestrian portrait of the king tepidly received.

However, the visit marked a watershed moment in Franco-Italian artistic relations and resulted in two important works: The bust exemplifies the naturalism, vivacity, and blend of psychological biography with expressions of worldly status that had made Bernini such a sought-after portraitist in Rome. In it, he set the biography, as he did in all other genres, for centuries to come.

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This can be contain params from another search on the page especially if the user got here bernihi the browwser back button. Biography From his early days as a child prodigy until his death in at the age of 82, Gian Lorenzo Bernini remained unchallenged as the foremost sculptor of his time.

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Giovanni bernini biography

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