T he most fundamental contribution of ancient India in mathematics is the invention of decimal system of enumeration, including the invention of zero. The decimal system uses nine digits 1 to 9 and the symbol zero for indian mathematicians and their biography to denote all natural numbers by assigning a place value to the digits. The Arabs carried this system to Africa and Europe. The Vedas and Valmiki Ramayana used this system, though the exact dates of these works are not known.

MohanjoDaro and Harappa excavations which may be around B.

Aryans came years later, around B. Being very religious people, they were deeply interested in planetary indians mathematicians and their biography to calculate auspicious times, and they developed astronomy and mathematics towards this end. They identified various nakshatras constellations and named the months after them.

They could count up to 10 12while the Greeks could count up to 10 4 and Romans up to 10 8. Values of irrational numbers such as and were also known to them to a high degree of approximation. Pythagoras Theorem can be also traced to the Aryan's Sulbasutra s. These Sutras, estimated to be *indian mathematicians and their biography* B.

Jaina religious works dating from B. They were very fond of large numbers, and they classified numbers as enumerable, unenumerable and infinite. The Jainas also worked out formulae for permutations and combinations though this knowledge may have existed in Vedic times.

Sushruta Samhita famous medicinal work, around 6th century B. In the year A. About 70 leaves were found, and are now famous as the Bakhshali Manuscript. Western scholars estimate its date as about third or fourth century A.

It is devoted mostly to arithmetic and algebra, with a few problems on geometry and mensuration. Born in Kerala, he completed his studies at the university of Nalanda.

In the section Ganita calculations of his astronomical indian mathematicians and their biography Aryabhatiya A. He gave the value of as 3. He gave it in the form that the approximate circumference of a circle of diameter is He also wrote a text book for astronomical calculations, Aryabhatasiddhanta. Even today, this data is used in preparing Hindu calendars Panchangs. In recognition to his contributions to astronomy and mathematics, India's first satellite was named Aryabhata.

His main work was Brahmasphutasiddhantawhich was a corrected version of old astronomical treatise Brahmasiddhanta. This indian mathematicians and their biography was later translated into Arabic as Sind Hind. He formulated the rule of three and proposed rules for the solution of quadratic and simultaneous equations. He gave the formula for the area of a cyclic quadrilateral as where s is the semi perimeter.

He was the first mathematician to treat algebra and arithmetic as two different branches of mathematics. He is also the founder of the branch of higher mathematics known as "Numerical Analysis". After Brahmagupta, the mathematician of some consequence was Sridharawho wrote Patiganita Saraa book on algebra, in A. Even Bhaskara refers to his works. After Sridhara, the most celebrated mathematician was Mahaviracharaya or Mahavira.

He wrote Ganita Sara Sangraha in A. He is the only Indian mathematician who has briefly referred to the ellipse which he called Ayatvrit. The Greeks, by contrast, had studied conic sections in great detail. He was born in A. He was the first to declare that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity.

He is famous for his book Siddhanta Siromani A. It is divided into four sections - Leelavati a book on arithmeticBijaganita algebraGoladhayaya chapter on sphere -celestial globeand Grahaganita mathematics of the planets.

Leelavati contains many interesting problems and was a very popular text book. Bhaskara introduced chakrawalor the cyclic method, to solve algebraic equations. Six centuries later, European mathematicians like Galois, Euler and Lagrange rediscovered this method and called it "inverse cyclic". Bhaskara can also be called the founder of differential calculus.

He gave an example of what is now called "differential coefficient" and the basic idea of what is now called "Rolle's theorem".

Unfortunately, later Indian mathematicians giovanni bernini biography not take any notice of this. Five centuries later, Newton and Leibniz developed this subject. As an astronomer, Bhaskara is renowned for his concept of Tatkalikagati instantaneous motion. After this period, India was repeatedly raided by muslims and other rulers and there was a lull in scientific research.

Industrial revolution and Renaissance passed India by. Before Ramanujan, the only noteworthy mathematician was Sawai Jai Singh IIwho founded the present city of Jaipur in A. This Hindu king was a great patron of mathematicians and astronomers. He is known for building observatories Jantar Mantar at Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, Varanasi and Mathura.

Among the instruments he designed himself are Samrat Yantra, Ram Yantra and Jai Parkash. Srinivasa Aaiyangar Ramanujan is undoubtedly the most celebrated Indian Mathematical genius. He was born in a poor family at Erode in Tamil Nadu on December 22, Largely self taught, he feasted on Loney's Trigonometry at the age of 13, and at the age of 15, his senior friends gave him Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics by George Carr.

He used to write his ideas and results on loose sheets. His three filled notebooks are now famous as Ramanujan's Frayed Notebooks. Though he had no qualifying degree, the University of Madras granted him a monthly scholarship of Rs. Amadou balake biography few months earlier, he had sent a letter to great mathematician G.

Hardy, in which he mentioned theorems and formulae. Hardy and his colleague at Cambridge University, J. Littlewood immediately recognised his genius. Fanny mallette biography sailed for Britain on March 17, Between andRamanujan published 21 papers, some in collaboration with Hardy.

His achievements include Hardy-Ramanujan-Littlewood circle method in number theory, Roger-Ramanujan's identities in partition of numbers, work on algebra of inequalities, elliptic functions, continued fractions, indian mathematicians and their biography sums and products of hypergeometric series, etc.

He was the indian mathematicians and their biography Indian to be elected Fellow of the Royal Society in February, Later that year, he became the first Indian to be elected Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.

Ramanujan had an intimate familiarity with numbers. During an illness in England, Hardy visited Ramanujan in the hospital. When Hardy remarked that he had taken taxi numbera singularly unexceptional number, Ramanujan immediately responded that this number was actually quite remarkable: Unfortunately, Ramanujan's health deteriorated due to tuberculosis, and he returnted to India in He died in Madras on April 26, He founded the Indian Statistical Research Institute in Calcutta.

Inhe started the National Sample Surveys which gained international fame. He died in at the age of A well known statistician, famous for his "theory of estimation" His formulae and theory include "Cramer -Rao inequality", "Fischer -Rao theorem" and " Rao - Blackwellisation".

Well known for " Kaprekar Constant " Take any four digit number in which all digits are not alike. Arrange its digits in descending order and subtract from it the number formed by arranging the digits in ascending order. If this indian mathematicians and their biography is repeated with reminders, ultimately number is obtained, which then generates itself. Greatly developed the branch of higher mathematics known as the infinite dimensional group representation theory.

India born Narendra Karmarkar, working at Bell Labs USA, stunned the world in with his new algorithm to solve linear programming problems. This made the complex calculations much faster, and had immediate **indians mathematicians and their biography** in airports, warehousescommunication networks etc. CBSE Date Sheet Home Sample Papers CBSE Forum CBSE Syllabus Project Work CBSE Schools.

Famous Indian Mathematicians Biography. Chandrakant Khare mel digiacomo biography Read my blog post about 'Chandrakant Khare and Fermat's Last Theorem' for further details.

Also another mathematician making the news recently. Inhe wrote a paper about "Divakar's constant" which is the ' limit of the ratio of consecutive random fibonacci numbers '. Newer Post Older Post Home. Enter your Email ID below Get all Latest Sample Papers in your inbox! CBSE HERITAGE INDIA QUIZ — RESULTS OF THE PR The Japan - East Asia Network of Exchange for Stud Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids Regional Mathematics Olympiad Previous Year Paper Information related to National Olympiad in Physic JSR CHEMISTRY HOUSE, Rohini Delhi MOTHER DIVINE PUBLIC SCHOOL Rohini, New Delhi English medium **indians mathematicians and their biography** begin amid outcry -CBSE Improve Your Study Skills in Exams Time -CBSE Introduction of CBSE syllabus opposed Circulars: Creating a Healthy School Environment Circulars: E-Learning Material in Psychology for cl Learning Material in Psychology for clas Rock On wows audiences, rocks box office 'Big bang' experiment underway in Geneva: Polar and Non-Polar Molecules Important Topics for IIT Exam Why the IIT-JEE pattern was changed Joint Management Entrance Test JMET IITs P Cracking IITJEE Exam IIT JEE - Admit Card IIT JEE Fee Structure IIT JEE - Reservation of Seats IIT JEE Admissions About IIT JEE Exam Crack IIT-JEE with confidence Crack the VMC exam Tips Tricks And Questions CAT Application Form and Bulliten available f CAT - Common Admission Test Notification Be careful while selecting a college for Higher Ed Investigating the 'Mpemba Effect': Can Hot Water F

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