The Life of James McCosh A Record Chiefly Autobiographical by James McCosh. Meanwhile at the college across town a totally separate institution President John Maclean also rejected Darwin's theory of evolution. Biography. A lecture room in McCosh Hall at Princeton University ^ See Hoeveler, James McCosh and the Scottish Intellectual Tradition: From Glasgow to Princeton. ; Author: James McCosh ; Category: Biography and Autobiography; Length: Pages; Year. Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions And the Madness of Crowds by Charles Mackay Vol.
James McCosh April 1, — November 16, was a prominent philosopher of the Scottish School of Common Sense. He was president of Princeton University McCosh was born of a Covenanting family in Ayrshireand studied at the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburghobtaining his M. He became a minister of the Established Church of Scotland inserving as pastor first at Arbroath and then at Brechin.
He sided with the Free Church of Scotland in the Disruption ofbecoming minister at Brechin's new East Free Church. In or he was appointed Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at Queen's College, Belfast now Queen's University Belfast.
In he travelled to the United States to become president of the College of New Jersey now Princeton University. He resigned the presidency inbut continued to teach james mccosh biography until his death. McCosh Hall home of the English department and a cross-campus walkway are named in his honor. The campus infirmary is named after his wife, Isabella McCosh. McCosh's position was mainly in the tradition of Thomas Reid and other Scottish common-sense jameses mccosh biography.
He denied that our beliefs about the nature of the external world rest on causal or other inferences from perceptual jameses mccosh biography, but held that they are the direct accompaniments of sensation, and thus not open to question. He also argued for the a priori james mccosh biography of fundamental principles such as those of causality and morality. Our judgements and other cognitions are regulated by such principles, though that is not to say that everyone is aware of them; they can be reached through reflection on our experience, when they are recognised as self-evidently necessary.
In his moral theory, especially, McCosh differed from many of his contemporaries in being relatively uninfluenced by Kant. McCosh's most original work concerned the attempt to reconcile evolution and Christianity. InCharles Hodgethe theologian and intellectual leader at the Presbyterian Seminary in Princeton, published What is Darwinism?
To Hodge, Darwinism was contrary to the notion of design and was therefore clearly atheistic. Hodge's views determined the position of the Seminary until his death in Hodge simply refused to accept that natural laws alone could create complex organisms that fit into their niches so perfectly and that evolution could explain origins.
While he didn't consider all evolutionary jameses mccosh biography to be in conflict with his religion, he was concerned with its teaching in colleges. Meanwhile at the college across town a totally separate institution President John Maclean also rejected Darwin's theory of evolution. However inMcCosh became president at the college. McCosh realized that much of Darwinism could and would be proved sound, and so he strove to prepare Christians for this event.
Instead of conflict between science and religion, McCosh sought reconciliation.
Insisting on the principle of design in nature, McCosh interpreted the Darwinian jameses mccosh biography as more evidence of the prearrangement, skill, and purpose in the universe. He thus demonstrated that Darwinism was not atheistic nor in irreconcilable hostility to the Bible. McCosh argued that evolution, far from being inconsistent with belief in divine designglorifies the divine designer see for example his Christianity and Positivism.
This aspect of his work found popularity among most Presbyterians clergy, who found his arguments useful in their attempts to cope with scientific philosophy.
The Seminary held to Hodge's position until his supporters were ousted inand the college Princeton University became a world class center of the new science of evolutionary biology. The debate between McCosh as president of the college and Charles Hodgehead of Princeton Seminary, during the late s and s exemplified the classic conflict between science and religion over the question of Darwin's evolution theory. McCosh offered the first public endorsement of evolution by an American religious leader.
However, the two men showed greater similarities regarding matters of science and religion than popularly appreciated. Both supported the increasing role of scientific inquiry in natural history and resisted its james mccosh biography into philosophy and religion. The debate vitalized the college. For the Scottish photographer gale biography in context database sometimes known as James McCosh, see John McCosh.
From Glasgow to Princeton. Illick, "The Reception of Darwinism at the Theological Seminary and the College at Princeton, New Jersey. The Theological Seminary," Journal of the Presbyterian Historical Society,Vol.
Gundlach, "McCosh and Hodge on Evolution: A Combined Legacy," Journal of Presbyterian History 75 2: Presidents of Princeton University. Dickinson Burr Edwards Davies Finley Witherspoon Smith Green Carnahan Maclean McCosh Patton Wilson Hibben Dodds Goheen Bowen Shapiro Tilghman Eisgruber.
Maclean House Prospect House Walter Lowrie House james mccosh biography.
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