He was segregated as untouchable and not allowed to sit inside the classroom alongwith other students. Short Biography of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and Rare Photo Gallery of his dr br ambedkar history, dr br indian constitution ambedkar » Short Biography of Dr. B.R. Reformers: Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. the Poona Pact was signed between Dr. Ambedkar and Pandit Madan Mohan Br Ambedkar & Conversion to. Please upgrade your browser or install Google Chrome Frame.
Ambedkar was also a prolific scholar, attending university in Mumbai, New York and London; he specialised in law, economics and political science, and made contributions to Indian economic thought.
Ambedkar was born in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh. He was the 14th child of Ramji Sakpal who was an Subedar officer in the British Indian Army. At the time of his birth, those born in the Mahar caste were subject to great discrimination, with short biography on dr br ambedkar hans ament biography and employment prospects.
They were not allowed to share public water provision and often suffered very low standards of living, health and poor accommodation. However, as an officer in the British Indian army, his father lobbied for his children to be allowed to go to school. Ambedkar was allowed to attend, but because of great opposition from Brahmins and other upper classes, the untouchables were segregated and often not allowed in the classroom.
It was an example of the discrimination and exclusion that untouchables short biography on dr br ambedkar faced. However, his father was ambitious for his children and encouraged them to read both the Hindu classics and other literature to further their education. Queta lavat biography his mother died, and he was raised by their paternal aunt in difficult financial circumstances.
Of his 13 brothers and sisters, only Ambedkar succeeded in graduating to short biography on dr br ambedkar school; it was quite a rarity for his Mahar caste. This achievement was widely celebrated by his Mahar caste and was given a public ceremony.
Ambedkar received a degree in economics and political science from Bombay University. As a talented scholar, inhe short biography on dr br ambedkar a Baroda state scholarship to study at Columbia University, New York. Here he gained an M. A, presenting a thesis on Ancient Indian Commerce.
Ambedkar was a professional economist until He wrote an influential paper to the Hilton Young Commission which formed the basis of the Reserve Bank of India. He also investigated how the Indian economy could successfully develop. Inhe had to return to India to serve in the Baroda State military.
He quit and found work as a private tutor. Inhe became Professor of Political Economy at the Sydenham College in Bombay.
He also went on to serve as a lawyer. In the s, Ambedkar became increasingly concerned and active about the plight of his fellow caste. He became a high profile figure within Indian politics. Inhe founded the Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabaha — an organisation dedicating to improving the welfare of outcastes.
During the s, he became more active in organising protests against discrimination. He attacked elements of orthodox Hinduism — burning copies of Manusmrti Laws of Manu which he felt justified caste discrimination. What is required is a profound and thorough conviction of justice, necessity and importance of political and social rights.
Inhe led about 15, untouchables in a peaceful procession to gain admission to Kalaram Temple. Ambedkar wrote prolifically on the subject of caste. He strongly criticised orthodox Hinduism and the caste system in particular. His book — The Annihilation of Caste — expressed these views most force ably. He was also critical of Islam for the way he felt it justified slavery and the mistreatment of women.
Indeed, the Muslims have all the social evils of the Hindus and something more. That something is the compulsory system of purdah for Muslim women. Ambedkar believed that the rights of untouchables could be best served by having a separate electorate for the untouchables. Ingiven his prominence, the British invited Ambedkar to the Round Table Conference in London. However, Mahatma Gandhi was deeply opposed to this plan to divide the electorate.
On hearing the news Gandhi went on a fast, whilst in jail, provoking huge civil unrest amongst the Hindu population. Instead, a certain number of seats were reserved for untouchables. This was known as the Poona Pact and drew Gandhi and Ambedkar closer politically.
Though tensions between the two still remained. Ambedkar wanted independence, but he gave equal weighting to the amelioration of the untouchables and other marginalised groups in society. It was more important in whose hands the Swaraj would be. Inhe formed the Independent Labour party to represent the untouchables in elections. They gained local success in the elections, but fared less well in the elections.
He was appointed Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee. He was also appointed first Law Minister. Ambedkar prepared a constitution which protected a wide range of civil liberties for both the poor and women.
The constitution also included affirmative action to reserve jobs for people from scheduled castes. The constitution was adopted in Ambedkar was brought up in a Hindu culture and studied Hindu texts.
However, he was critical of the caste aspect of Hinduism and frequently talked about his desire to leave his religion and encouraged others to do the same. For a while he considered Sikhism. But, in October announced his short biography on dr br ambedkar intention to convert to Buddhism. He studied Buddhism throughout his life and in the s spent more time studying Buddhism, travelling to Sri Lanka and attending Buddhist conferences.
No religion can be compared to it.
If a modern man who knows science must have a religion, the only religion he can have is the Religion of the Buddha. This conviction has grown in me after thirty-five years of close study of all religions. After his conversion, he oversaw the conversion ofof his followers to the Buddhist religion.
It was one of the biggest mass conversions in India.
He founded the Buddhist Society of India and has helped to revitalise Buddhism within India, the land of its birth. Shortly after his conversion to Buddhism, he died in his sleep on 6 December at his home in Delhi. He suffered from diabetes and stress related illness. He was given a Buddhist cremation, and over half a million people came to pay their respects.
Ambedkar a powerful legacy for Indian culture, politics and society. His drafting of the Indian constitution placed great emphasis on equal rights and the overcoming of discrimination.
His criticism of Hinduism has made him a controversial figure. But, inhe was voted the greatest Indian by a national poll organised by History TV18 and CNN IBN. He gained nearly 20 million votes. He has also received praise for his economic work. INDIAN ONE OF THE GREATE PERSON IS DR.
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Ambedkar biography Dr B. Ambedkar — B. Early life Ambedkar was born in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh. Ambedkar 1 Separate Electorate Ambedkar believed that the rights of untouchables could be best served by having a separate electorate for the untouchables. Related pages Greatest Indians People who made a difference Famous revolutionaries Famous Hindus Buddhists. February 09, May 16, 2: Join the Discussion Cancel reply Comment.
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