steve jobs apple computer biography

Wozniak in June Steve Jobs 's biological father, In , Wozniak invented the Apple I computer and showed it to Jobs, who suggested that they sell it. Jobs, Wozniak. Jobs and Wozniak formed Apple Computer During the design stage, Steve Jobs argued that the Apple II should have two expansion slots. Chrisann Brennan notes that after Jobs was forced out of Apple, "he apologized many times over for his behavior" towards her and Lisa.

He was the co-founder, chairman, and chief executive officer CEO of Apple Inc. Jobs and Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak are widely recognized as pioneers of the microcomputer revolution of the s and s. Jobs was born in San Francisco to Syrian parents who had to put him up for adoption at birth; he was raised in the San Francisco Bay Area during the s.

Jobs and Wozniak co-founded Apple in to sell Wozniak's Apple I personal computer. The visionaries gained fame and wealth a year later for the Apple IIone of the first highly successful mass-produced personal computers.

Inafter a tour of PARCJobs saw the commercial potential of the Xerox Altowhich was mouse -driven and had a graphical user interface GUI.

This led to development of the unsuccessful Apple Lisa infollowed by the breakthrough Macintosh in In addition to being the first mass-produced computer with a GUI, the Macintosh introduced the sudden rise of the desktop publishing industry in with the addition of the Apple LaserWriterthe first laser printer to feature vector graphics.

Following a long power struggle, Jobs was forced out of Apple in After leaving Apple, Jobs took a few of its members with him to found NeXTa computer platform development company specializing in state-of-the-art computers for higher-education and business markets. In addition, Jobs helped to initiate the development of the visual effects industry when he funded the spinout of the computer graphics division of George Lucas 's Lucasfilm in InApple merged with NeXT. Within a few months of the merger, Jobs became CEO of his former company, reviving Apple at the verge of bankruptcy.

Beginning in with the " Think different " advertising campaign, Jobs worked closely with designer Jonathan Ive to develop a line of products that would have larger cultural ramifications: Mac OS was also revamped into OS X renamed "macOS" inbased on NeXT's NeXTSTEP platform. Jobs was diagnosed with a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor in and died on October 5,of respiratory arrest related to the tumor. Steve Jobs's biological father, Abdulfattah "John" Jandali Arabic: But there are a lot of Arabs in Michigan and Wisconsin.

So it's not that unusual. Jobs's adoptive father, Paul Reinhold Jobs —grew up in a Calvinist household, [14] the son of an "alcoholic and sometimes abusive" father. They were engaged ten days later and married in After a series of moves, Paul and Clara settled in San Francisco's Sunset District in It is the most awesome tool that we have ever invented.

Steve Wozniak on "The Story Behind Apple and Steve Jobs"

I feel incredibly lucky to be at exactly the steve jobs apple computer biography place in Silicon Valleyat exactly the steve jobs apple computer biography time, historicallysteve jobs apple computer biography this invention has taken form. Schieble became pregnant in when she and Jandali spent the summer with his family in HomsSyria. Jandali has stated that he "was very much in love with Joanne And so she told me she wanted to give the baby up for adoption.

Schieble gave birth to Jobs on February 24,in San Francisco and chose an adoptive couple for him that was "Catholic, well-educated, and wealthy. I was scared they were going to take him away from me. Even after we won the case, Steve was so difficult a child that by the time he was two I felt we had made a mistake.

I wanted to return him. That's not harsh, it's just the way it was, a sperm bank thing, nothing more. Jobs steve jobs apple computer biography, as they raised him. And I don't want to take their place. Paul and Clara adopted Jobs's sister Patricia in [11] and the steve jobs apple computer biography moved to Mountain View, California in If we needed a cabinet, he would build it.

When he built our steve jobs apple computer biography, he gave me a hammer so I could work with him I wasn't that into fixing cars Jobs had difficulty functioning in a traditional classroom, tended to resist authority figures, frequently misbehaved and was suspended a few steves jobs apple computer biography. Jobs would later credit his fourth grade teacher, Imogene 'Teddy' Hill, steve jobs apple computer biography turning him around: She bribed me into learning.

She would say, 'I really want you to finish this workbook. I'll give you five bucks if you finish it. I learned more that year than I think I learned in any steve jobs apple computer biography year in school. They wanted me to skip the next two years in grade school and go straight to junior high to learn a foreign language but my parents very wisely wouldn't let it happen.

Though the Jobs family was not well off, they used all their savings in to buy a new home, which would allow Jobs to change schools. When he was 13 inJobs was given a summer job by Bill Hewlett of Hewlett-Packard after Jobs cold-called him to ask for parts for an electronics project: I was putting in screws.

It didn't matter; I was in heaven. Bill Fernandeza fellow electronics hobbyist who was in Jobs's grade at Cupertino Junior High, was his first friend after the move. Fernandez later commented that "for some reason the kids in the eighth grade didn't like [Jobs] because they thought he was odd.

I was one of his few friends. The location of the Los Altos home meant that Jobs would be able to attend Homestead High School in and with strong ties to Silicon Valley. He also had no interest in sports and would later say that he didn't have what it took to "be a steve jobs apple computer biography. I was always a loner. He underwent a change during mid I read Moby Dick and went back as a junior taking creative writing classes. I loved King Lear The teacher was this guy who looked like Ernest Hemingway.

He took a bunch of us snowshoeing in Yosemite. In after Wozniak began attending University of California, BerkeleyJobs would visit him there a few times a week.

This experience led him to study in nearby Stanford University 's student steve jobs apple computer biography. Jobs also decided that rather than join the electronics club, he would put on light shows with a friend for Homestead's avant-garde Jazz program. He was described by a Homestead classmate as "kind of a brain and kind of a hippie He was smart enough to be a steve jobs apple computer biography, but wasn't nerdy.

And he was too intellectual for the hippies, who just wanted to get wasted all the time. He was kind of an outsider.

In high school everything revolved around what group you were in. He was an individual, in a world where individuality was suspect. Brennan portrayed Alice while Wozniak, Jobs, and Al portrayed the White Rabbit and the Mad Hatter. At Reed there was a constant flow of people stopping by — from Timothy Leary and Richard Alpertto Gary Snyder. There was a constant flow of intellectual questioning about the truth of life. That was the time when every college student in the country read Be Here Now and Diet for a Small Planet.

Later in the year, Jobs enrolled at Reed College in Portland, Oregon. Reed was an expensive college which Paul and Clara could ill afford. They were spending much of their life savings on their son's higher education.

She also met his Reed friend Daniel Kottke for the first time. Brennan who was now a senior at Homestead did not have plans to attend college, and was supportive of Jobs when he told her he planned to drop out of Reed because he did not want to spend his parents' money on it neither her father nor Jobs's adoptive parents had gone to college. He continued to attend by auditing classes, including a course on calligraphy taught by Robert Palladinobut since he was no longer an official student, Brennan stopped visiting him.

Jobs later asked her to come and live with him in a house he rented near the Reed campus, but she refused. He had started steve jobs apple computer biography other women, and she was interested in someone she met in her art class. Brennan speculates that the house was Jobs's attempt to make their relationship monogamous again.

In that same steve jobs apple computer biography, Jobs said: I was lucky to get into computers when it was a very young and idealistic industry. There weren't many degrees offered in computer science, so people in computers were brilliant people from mathematics, physics, music, zoology, whatever. They loved it, and no one was really in it for the steve jobs apple computer biography [ In mid, Jobs moved back to the San Francisco Bay Area and was renting his own apartment.

Brennan states by this point that their "relationship was complicated. I couldn't break the connection and I couldn't commit. At the same time, Brennan notes, "little by little, Steve and I separated. But we were never able to fully let go. We never talked about breaking up or going our separate ways and we didn't have that conversation where one person says it's over. They remained involved with each other while continuing to see other people.

InSteve Wozniak designed his own version of the classic video game Pong. After finishing it, Wozniak gave the board to Jobs, who then took the game down to Atari, Inc.

Atari thought that Jobs had built it and gave him a job as a technician. By earlyJobs was living what Brennan describes as a "simple life" in a Los Gatos cabin, working at Atariand saving money for his impending trip to India.

Brennan visited him twice at the cabin. She states in her memoir that her memories of this cabin consist of Jobs reading Be Here Now and giving her a copylistening to South Indian music, steve jobs apple computer biography, and using a Japanese meditation pillow.

Brennan felt that he was more distant and negative toward her. She initially refused to accept it but eventually accepted the money. Jobs traveled to India in mid [28] to visit Neem Karoli Baba [29] at his Kainchi ashram with his Reed friend and eventual Apple employee Daniel Kottkein search of spiritual enlightenment.

When they got to the Neem Karoli ashram, it was almost deserted because Neem Karoli Baba had died in September In India, they spent a lot of time on bus rides from Delhi to Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh. After staying for seven months, Jobs left India [30] and returned to the US ahead of Daniel Kottke. Jobs was living with his parents again, in their backyard toolshed which he had converted into a bedroom with a sleeping bag, mat, books, a candle, and a steve jobs apple computer biography pillow.

Jobs then returned to Atari and was assigned to create a circuit board for the arcade video game Breakout. Jobs had little specialized knowledge of circuit board design and made a deal with Wozniak to split the fee evenly between them if Wozniak could minimize the number of chips.

Much to the amazement of Atari engineers, Wozniak reduced the TTL count to 46, a design so tight that it was impossible to reproduce on an assembly line. Wozniak had designed a low-cost digital " blue box " to generate the necessary tones to manipulate the telephone network, allowing free long-distance calls.

Jobs decided that they could make money selling it. The clandestine sales of the illegal "blue boxes" went well and perhaps planted the seed in Jobs's mind that electronics could be both fun and profitable. He states it showed them that they could take on large companies and beat them. Not only couldn't we afford the computers that were on the market, those computers were impractical for us to use.

We needed a Volkswagen. The Volkswagen isn't as fast or comfortable as other ways of traveling, but the VW steves jobs apple computer biography can go where they want, when they want and with whom they want. The VW owners have personal control of their car. Jobs and Wozniak attended meetings of the Homebrew Computer Club in Jobs, Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne formed Apple Computer in the garage of Jobs's Los Altos home on Crist Drive.

He had a circuit board with a chip on it, a DuMont TV set, a Panasonic cassette tape deck and a keyboard. He said, 'This is an Apple computer. Woz would show up once a week with his latest code. Steve Jobs didn't get his hands dirty in that sense. They received funding from a then-semi-retired Intel product marketing manager and engineer Mike Markkula. They always believed that what they steve jobs apple computer biography doing was important and, most of all, fun.

Working at Apple was never just a job; it was also a crusade, a mission, to bring better computer power to people. At its roots that attitude came from Steve Jobs. It was " Power to the People ", the slogan of the sixties, rewritten in technology for the eighties and called Macintosh. After she returned from her own journey to India, Brennan visited Jobs at his parents' home, where he was still living. It was during this steve jobs apple computer biography that Jobs and Brennan fell in love again, as Brennan noted changes in him that she attributes to Kobun whom she was also still following.

It was also at this time that Jobs displayed a prototype Apple computer for Brennan and his parents in their living room. Brennan notes a shift in this time period, where the two main influences on Jobs were Apple and Kobun. By the earlyshe and Jobs would spend time together at her home at Duveneck Ranch in Los Altoswhich served as a hostel and environmental education center.

Brennan also worked there as a teacher for inner city children who came to learn about the farm. InJobs and Wozniak introduced the Apple II at the West Coast Computer Faire.

It was the first consumer product sold by Apple Computer and was one of the first highly successful mass-produced microcomputer products, [48] It was designed primarily by Steve Wozniak. Jobs oversaw the development of the Apple II's unusual case [11] and Rod Holt developed the unique power supply.

Jobs usually went to work wearing a black long-sleeved mock turtleneck made by Issey Miyake it was sometimes reported princess diana of wales biography St. Croix brandLevi's blue jeans, and New Balance sneakers. Jobs told his steve jobs apple computer biography Walter Isaacson " Jobs and Apple became more successful, and his relationship with Brennan grew more complex. Inthe success of Apple was now a part of their relationship, and Brennan, Daniel Kottkeand Jobs moved into a house near the Apple office in Cupertino.

In OctoberBrennan was approached by Rod Holtwho asked her to take "a paid steve jobs apple computer biography designing blueprints for the Apples. Holt was particularly eager that she take the position and puzzled by her ambivalence toward it. Brennan's decision, however, was overshadowed by the fact that she realized she was pregnant and that Jobs was the father.

It took her a few days to tell Jobs, whose face, according to Brennan "turned ugly" at the news. At the same time, according to Brennan, at the steve jobs apple computer biography of her third trimester, Jobs said to her: I just didn't want to do that.

She was estranged from her mother and afraid to discuss the matter with her father. She also did not feel comfortable with the idea of having an abortion. She chose instead to discuss the matter with Kobun, who encouraged her to have and keep the baby, and pledged his support. Meanwhile, Holt was waiting for her decision on the internship. Brennan states that Jobs continued to encourage her to take the internship, stating she could "be pregnant and work at Apple, you can take the job.

I don't get what the problem is. I could not have endured it. Brennan turned down the internship and decided to leave Apple. She stated that Jobs told her "If you give up this baby for adoption, you will be sorry" and "I am never going to help you.

She would sometimes ask Jobs for money but he always refused. Brennan hid her pregnancy for as long as she could, living in a variety of homes and continuing her work with Zen meditation. At the same time, according to Brennan, Jobs "started to seed people with the notion that I slept around and he was infertile, which meant that this could not be his child.

I don't know the source of these reports, but they are both misleading to the public and unfair to me. You will recall that at last Thursday's Board meeting I stated I had decided to start a new venture, and I tendered my resignation as chairman. The Board declined to accept my resignation and asked me to defer it for a week. I agreed to do so in light of the encouragement the Board offered with regard to the proposed new venture and the indications that Apple would invest in it.

On Friday, after I told John Sculley who would be joining me, he confirmed Apple's willingness to discuss areas of possible collaboration between Apple and my new venture. Subsequently the Company appears to be adopting a hostile posture toward me and the new venture.

Accordingly, I steve jobs apple computer biography insist upon the immediate acceptance of my resignation. I would hope that in any statement it steves jobs apple computer biography it must issue, the Company will make it clear that the decision to resign as chairman was mine.

I find myself both saddened and perplexed by the management's conduct in this matter which seems to me contrary to Apple's best interests. Those interests remain a matter of deep concern to me, both because of my past association with Apple and the substantial investment I retain in it.

I continue to hope that calmer voices within the Company may yet be heard. Some Company representatives have said they fear I will use proprietary Apple technology in my new venture. There is no basis for any such concern.

If that concern is the real source of Apple's hostility to the venture, I can allay it. As you know, the company's recent re-organization left me with no work to do and no access even to regular management reports. I am but 30 and steve jobs apple computer biography still to contribute and achieve. After what we have accomplished together, I would wish our parting to be both amicable and dignified. Yours sincerely, Steven P.

Jobs went there for the birth after he was contacted by Robert Friedlandtheir mutual friend and owner of the All One Farm. While distant, Jobs worked with her on a name for the baby, which they discussed while sitting in the fields on a blanket.

steve jobs apple computer biography

Brennan suggested the name "Lisa" which Jobs also liked and notes that Jobs was very attached to the name "Lisa" while he "was also publicly denying paternity. She also stated that she never gave him permission to use the baby's name for a computer and he hid the plans from her. Jobs also worked with his team to come up with the phrase, "Local Integrated Software Architecture" as an alternative explanation for the Apple Lisa [54] decades later, however, Jobs admitted to his biographer Walter Isaacson that "obviously, it was named for my daughter" [55].

Brennan would come under intense criticism from Jobs, who claimed that "she doesn't want money, she just wants me. When Jobs denied paternity, a DNA test established him as Lisa's father. Brennan worked as a waitress in Palo Alto.

Later, Brennan agreed to give an interview with Michael Moritz for Time magazine for its Time Person of the Year steve jobs apple computer biography, released on January 3,in which she discussed her relationship with Jobs. Rather than name Jobs the Person of the Year, the magazine named the computer the "Machine of the Year". Jobs was worth a million dollars when he was 23 in10 million when he was 24, and over million when he was He was also one of the youngest "people ever to make the Forbes list of the nation's richest people — and one of only a handful to have done it themselves, without inherited wealth.

InApple recruited Mike Scott from National Semiconductor to serve as CEO for what turned out to be several turbulent years. InJobs lured John Sculley away from Pepsi-Cola to serve as Apple's CEO, asking, "Do you want to spend the rest of your life selling sugared water, or do you want a chance to change the world?

InJobs bought an apartment in the two top floors of The San Remoa Manhattan building with a politically progressive reputation. Although he never lived there, [59] he spent years renovating it with the help of I. Inhe sold it to U2 singer Bono. InJobs bought the Jackling House and estate, and resided there for a decade. After that, he leased it out for several years until when he stopped maintaining the house, allowing exposure to the weather to degrade it.

InJobs received permission from the town of Woodside to demolish the house in order to build a smaller contemporary styled one. After a few years in court, the house was finally demolished ina few months before he died. In earlyApple introduced the Macintoshwhich was based on The Lisa and Xerox PARC's mouse -driven graphical user interface.

Despite the fanfare, the expensive Macintosh was a hard sell. Microsoft was developing its graphical user interface Although the Macintosh preceded the clones, it was far more expensive, so "through the late '80s, the Windows user interface was getting better and better and was thus taking increasingly more share from Apple.

Sculley's and Jobs's respective visions for the company greatly differed. The former favored open architecture computers like the Apple II, sold to education, small business, and home markets less vulnerable to IBM. Jobs wanted the company to focus on the closed architecture Macintosh as a business alternative to the IBM PC.

President and CEO Sculley had little control over chairman of the board Jobs's Macintosh division; it and the Seann alderking biography II division operated like separate companies, duplicating services. Many left including Wozniak, who stated that the steve jobs apple computer biography had "been going in the wrong direction for the last five years" and sold most of his stock. In MaySculley—encouraged by Arthur Rock—decided to reorganize Apple, and proposed a plan to the board that would remove Jobs from the Macintosh group and put him in charge of "New Product Development.

However, Jobs was confronted steve jobs apple computer biography the plan was leaked, and he said that he would leave Apple. The Board declined his resignation and asked him to reconsider. Sculley also told Jobs that he had all of the votes needed to go ahead with the reorganization. A few months later, on September 17,Jobs submitted a letter of resignation to the Apple Board.

Five additional senior Apple employees also resigned and joined Jobs in his new venture, NeXT. Following his resignation from Apple inJobs founded NeXT Inc. A year later he was running out of money, and he sought venture capital with no product on the horizon. Eventually, Jobs attracted the attention of billionaire Ross Perotwho invested heavily in the company. Davies Symphony HallSan Francisco, California on Wednesday October 12, Like the Apple Lisathe NeXT workstation was technologically advanced and designed for the education sector, but was largely dismissed as cost-prohibitive for educational institions.

Jobs marketed NeXT steves jobs apple computer biography to the financial, scientific, and academic community, highlighting its innovative, steve jobs apple computer biography new technologies, such as the Mach kernelthe digital signal processor chip, and the built-in Ethernet port. Making use of a NeXT computer, English computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in at CERN in Switzerland. The revised, second generation NeXTcube was released in Jobs touted it as the first "interpersonal" computer that would replace the personal computer.

With its innovative NeXTMail multimedia email steve jobs apple computer biography, NeXTcube could share voice, image, graphics, and steve jobs apple computer biography in email for the first time. After NeXT was acquired by Apple Inc. The first film produced by Pixar with its Disney partnership, Toy Storywith Jobs credited as executive producer, [80] brought steve jobs apple computer biography and critical acclaim to the studio when it was released.

Over the next 15 years, under Pixar's creative chief John Lasseterthe company produced box-office hits A Bug's Life ; Toy Story 2 ; Monsters, Inc. Finding NemoThe IncrediblesRatatouilleWALL-EUp and Toy Story 3 each received the Academy Award for Best Animated Featurean steve jobs apple computer biography introduced in In andas Pixar's contract with Disney was running out, Jobs and Disney chief executive Michael Eisner tried but failed to negotiate a new steve jobs apple computer biography, [82] and in earlyJobs announced that Pixar would seek a new partner to distribute its films after its contract with Disney expired.

In OctoberBob Iger replaced Eisner at Disney, and Iger quickly worked to mend relations with Jobs and Pixar. When the deal closed, Jobs became The Walt Disney Company 's largest single shareholder steve jobs apple computer biography approximately seven percent of the company's steve jobs apple computer biography.

Disneywho until his death held about one percent of the company's stock and whose criticisms of Eisner — especially that he soured Disney's relationship with Pixar — accelerated Eisner's ousting. Jobs Trust led by Laurene Jobs. Floyd Normanof Pixar, described Jobs as a "mature, mellow individual" who never interfered with the creative process of the filmmakers.

Catmull released the book Creativity Inc. Regarding his own manner of dealing with Jobs, Catmull writes:. In all the 26 years with Steve, Steve and I never had one of these loud verbal arguments and it's not my nature to do that. I would say something to him and he would immediately shoot it down because he could think faster than I could.

I would then wait a week I'd call him up and I give my counter argument to what he had said and he'd immediately shoot it down. So I had to wait another week, and sometimes this went on for months. But in the end one of three things happened.

About a third of the time he said, 'Oh, I get it, you're right. And it was another third of the time in which [I'd] say, 'Actually I think he is right. Chrisann Brennan notes that after Jobs was forced out of Apple, "he apologized many times over for his behavior" towards her and Lisa.

She also states that Jobs "said that he never took responsibility when he should have, and that he was sorry. Jobs did not contact his birth family during Clara's his adoptive mother lifetime, however. He would later tell his official biographer Walter Isaacson: He began to spend a great deal of time with her and learned more details about her background and his adoption, information that motivated him to find his biological mother. Jobs found on his birth certificate the name of the San Francisco doctor to whom Schieble had turned when she was pregnant.

Although the doctor did not help Jobs while he was alive, he left a letter for Jobs to be opened upon his steve jobs apple computer biography.

As he died soon afterwards, Jobs was given the letter which stated that "his mother had been an unmarried graduate student from Wisconsin named Joanne Schieble.

Jobs only contacted Schieble after Clara died and after he received permission from his father, Paul. In addition, out of respect for Paul, he asked the media not to report on his search.

She was twenty-three and she went through a lot to have me. She said that she regretted giving him up and repeatedly apologized to him for it. Jobs and Schieble steve jobs apple computer biography develop a friendly relationship throughout the rest of his life and would spend Christmas together.

She was not told about his death. During this first visit, Schieble told Jobs that he had a sister, Mona, who was not aware that she had a brother. Her first impression of Jobs was that "he was totally straightforward and lovely, just a normal and sweet guy. As we got to know each other, we became really good friends, and she is my family. I don't know what I'd do without her. I can't imagine a better sister. My adopted sister, Patty, and I were never close. Because we were poor and because I knew my father had emigrated from Syria, I imagined he looked like Omar Sharif.

I hoped he would be rich and kind and would come into our lives and our not-yet-furnished apartment and help us. Later, after I'd met my father, I tried to believe he'd changed his number and left no forwarding address because he was an idealistic revolutionary, plotting a new world for the Arab people.

Even as a feminist, my whole life I'd been waiting for a man to love, who could love me. For steves jobs apple computer biography, I'd thought that man would be my father.

When I was 25, I met that man, and he was my brother. Jobs then learned his family history. Six months after he was given up for adoption, Schieble's father died, she wed Jandali, and they had a daughter, Mona.

I also bear the responsibility for being away from my daughter when she was four years old, as her mother divorced me when I went to Syria, but we got back in touch after 10 years. We lost touch again when her mother moved and I didn't steve jobs apple computer biography where she was, but since 10 years ago we've been in constant contact, and I see her three times a year. I organized a trip for her last year to visit Syria and Lebanon and she went with a relative from Florida.

A few years later, Schieble married an ice skating teacher, George Simpson. Mona Jandali took her stepfather's last name thus became Mona Simpson. Inafter they divorced, Schieble took Mona to Los Angeles and raised her on her own. Jobs told his official biographer that after meeting Simpson, he wanted to become involved in her ongoing search for their father. When he was found working in Sacramento, they decided that only Simpson would meet him.

Jandali and Simpson spoke for several hours at which point he told her that he had left teaching for the restaurant business.

He also said that he and Schieble had given another child away for adoption but that "we'll never see that baby again. I had been to that restaurant a few times, and I remember meeting the owner. I asked Mona not to tell him about me. He then contacted Simpson and asked "what is this thing about Steve Jobs? He never contacted Steve. InJobs first met his future wife, Laurene Powellwhen he gave a lecture at the Stanford Graduate School of Businesswhere she was a student.

Soon after the event, he stated that Laurene "was right there in the front row in the lecture hall, and I couldn't take my eyes off of her From that point forward, they were together, with a few minor exceptions, for the rest of his life.

After she received her B. In addition, unlike Jobs, she was athletic and followed professional sports. She also brought as much self-sufficiency to the relationship as he did and was more of a private than public person.

The ceremony was conducted by Jobs's guru, Kobun Chino Otogawa. The vegan wedding cake was in the shape of Yosemite's Half Domeand the steve jobs apple computer biography ended with a hike during which Laurene's brothers had a snowball fight. Jobs is reported to have said to Mona: Jobs and Powell's first child, Reed, was born September Jobs and Powell had two more children, Erin, born in Augustand Eve, born in I don't remember seeing him.

steve jobs apple computer biography

I was busy being terrified. The deal was finalized in February[93] bringing Jobs back to the company he had cofounded. Jobs became de facto chief after then-CEO Gil Amelio was ousted in July He was formally named interim chief executive in September. In the coming months, many employees developed a fear of encountering Jobs while riding in the elevator, "afraid that they might not have a job when the doors opened.

The reality was that Jobs's summary executions were rare, but a handful of victims was enough to terrorize a whole company. With the purchase of NeXT, much of the company's technology found its way into Apple products, most notably NeXTSTEPwhich evolved into Mac OS X. Under Jobs's guidance, the company increased sales significantly with the introduction of the iMac and other new products; since then, appealing designs and powerful branding have worked well for Apple.

At the Macworld Expo, Jobs officially dropped the "interim" modifier from his title at Apple and became permanent CEO.

The company subsequently branched out, introducing and improving upon other digital appliances. With the introduction of the iPod portable music player, iTunes digital music software, and the iTunes Storethe company made forays into consumer electronics and music distribution.

On June 29,Apple entered the cellular phone business with the introduction of the iPhonea multi-touch display cell phone, which also included the features of an iPod and, with its own mobile browser, revolutionized the mobile browsing scene.

steve jobs apple computer biography

While nurturing innovation, Jobs also reminded his employees that "real artists ship. Jobs had a public war of words with Dell Computer CEO Michael Dellsteve jobs apple computer biography inwhen Jobs first criticized Dell for making "un-innovative beige boxes". Team, it turned out that Michael Dell wasn't perfect at predicting the future. Based on today's stock market close, Apple is worth more than Dell. Stocks go up and down, and things may be different tomorrow, but I thought it was worth a moment of reflection today.

Jobs was both admired and criticized for his consummate skill at persuasion and salesmanship, which has been dubbed the " reality distortion field " and was particularly evident during his steve jobs apple computer biography speeches colloquially known as " Stevenotes " at Macworld Expos and at Apple Worldwide Developers Conferences. Jobs was a board member at Gap Inc. InJobs was granted stock options in the amount of 7. As a result, Jobs potentially faced a number of criminal charges and civil penalties.

The case was the subject of active criminal and civil government investigations, [] though an independent internal Apple investigation completed on December 29, found that Jobs was unaware of these issues and that the options granted to him were returned without being exercised in InJobs responded to criticism of Apple's poor recycling programs for e-waste in the US by lashing out at environmental and other advocates at Apple's annual meeting in Cupertino in April.

A few weeks later, Apple announced it would take back iPods for free at its retail stores. The Computer TakeBack Campaign responded by flying a banner from a plane over the Stanford University graduation at which Jobs was the commencement speaker.

The banner read "Steve, don't be a mini-player—recycle all e-waste. Inhe further expanded Apple's recycling programs to any US customer who buys a new Mac. This program includes shipping and "environmentally friendly disposal" of their old systems. Jobs was perceived as a demanding perfectionist [] [] who always aspired to position his businesses and their products at the forefront of the information technology industry by foreseeing and setting innovation and style trends.

He summed up this self-concept at the end of his keynote speech at the Macworld Conference and Expo in Januaryby quoting ice steve jobs apple computer biography player Wayne Gretzky:. There's an old Wayne Gretzky quote that I love. Since the very, very beginning. And we always will. In a interview with biographer Walter Isaacson, Jobs revealed that he had met with U. President Barack Obamacomplained about the nation's shortage of software engineers, and told Obama that he was "headed for a one-term presidency".

After the steve jobs apple computer biography, Jobs commented, "The president is very smart, but he kept explaining to us reasons why things can't get done. In OctoberJobs was diagnosed with cancer. Despite his diagnosis, Jobs resisted his doctors' recommendations for medical intervention for nine months, [] instead relying on a pseudo-medicine diet to try natural healing to thwart the disease.

According to Harvard researcher Ramzi Amri, his choice of alternative treatment "led to an unnecessarily early death". Cassileththe chief of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center 's integrative medicine department, [] said, "Jobs's faith in alternative medicine likely cost him his life He had the only kind of pancreatic cancer that is treatable and curable He essentially committed suicide.

He was also influenced by a doctor who ran a clinic that advised juice fasts, bowel cleansings and other unproven approaches, before finally having surgery in July In early AugustJobs delivered the steve jobs apple computer biography for Apple's annual Worldwide Developers Conference. His "thin, almost gaunt" appearance and unusually "listless" delivery, [] [] together with his choice to delegate significant portions of his keynote to other presenters, inspired a flurry of media and Internet speculation about the state of his health.

Two steves jobs apple computer biography later, similar concerns followed Jobs's WWDC keynote address. Others said that shareholders had a right to know more, given Jobs's hands-on approach to running his company. On August 28,Bloomberg abdul fatai dauda biography published a word obituary of Jobs in its corporate news service, containing blank spaces for his age and cause of death.

News carriers customarily stockpile up-to-date obituaries to facilitate news delivery in the event of a well-known figure's death. Although the error was promptly rectified, many news carriers and blogs reported on it, [] intensifying rumors concerning Jobs's health. On December 16,Apple announced that steve jobs apple computer biography vice-president Phil Schiller would deliver the company's steve jobs apple computer biography keynote address at the Macworld Conference and Expoagain reviving questions about Jobs's health.

On January 14,Jobs wrote in an internal Apple memo that in the previous week he had "learned that my health-related issues are more complex than I originally thought".

Tim Cook, who previously acted as CEO in Jobs's absence, became acting CEO of Apple, with Jobs still involved with "major strategic decisions".

InTim Cook offered a portion of his liver to Jobs, since both share a rare blood type. The donor liver can regenerate tissue after such an operation. Jobs yelled, "I'll never let you do that. I'll never do that. In AprilJobs underwent a liver transplant at Methodist University Hospital Transplant Institute in Memphis, Tennessee. On January 17,a year and a half steve jobs apple computer biography Jobs returned to work following the liver transplant, Apple announced that he had been granted a medical leave of absence.

Jobs announced his leave in a letter to employees, stating his decision was made "so he could focus on his health. On August 24,Jobs announced his resignation as Apple's CEO, writing to the board, "I have always said if there ever came a day when I could no longer meet my duties and expectations as Apple's CEO, I would be the first to let you know. Unfortunately, that day has come. PDT on October 5,due to complications from a relapse of his previously treated islet-cell neuroendocrine pancreatic cancer[44] [] [] which resulted in respiratory arrest.

Before embarking, he'd looked at his sister Patty, then for a long time at his children, then at his life's partner, Laurene, and then over their shoulders past them. Steve's final words were: She was not told that he died. Apple [] and Pixar each issued announcements of his death. Jobs's widow, Laurene, was in attendance, as well as Cook, Bill CampbellNorah JonesAl Goreand Coldplay.

A video of the service was uploaded to Apple's website. Governor Jerry Brown of California declared Sunday, October 16,to be "Steve Jobs Day. Those in attendance included Apple and steve jobs apple computer biography tech company executives, members of the media, celebrities, close friends of Jobs, and politicians, along with Jobs's family.

BonoYo Yo Maand Joan Baez performed at the service, which lasted longer than an hour. The service was highly secured, with guards at all of the university's gates, and a helicopter flying overhead from an area news station. The box contained a copy of the Autobiography of a Yogi by Paramahansa Yogananda. Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak[] former owner of what would become PixarGeorge Lucas[] former rival, Microsoft founder Bill Gates[] and President Barack Obama [] all offered statements in response to his death.

Jobs is buried in an unmarked grave at Alta Mesa Memorial Parkthe only nonsectarian cemetery in Palo Alto. Jobs's design aesthetic was influenced by the modernist architectural style of Joseph Eichlerby the industrial designs of Braun's Dieter Ramsand by Buddhism.

In India, he experienced Buddhism while on his seven-month spiritual journey, [] and his sense of intuition was influenced by the spiritual people with whom he studied. According to Apple cofounder Steve Wozniak "Steve didn't ever code. He wasn't an engineer and he didn't do any original design Steve Jobs was the marketing person.

He is listed as either primary inventor or co-inventor in United States patents or patent applications related to a range of technologies from actual computer and portable devices to user interfaces including touch-basedspeakers, keyboards, power adapters, staircases, clasps, sleeves, lanyards and packages.

Jobs's contributions to most of his patents were to "the look and feel of the product. Even while terminally ill in the hospital, Jobs sketched new devices that would hold the iPad in a hospital bed.

Since his death, the former Apple CEO has won patents, more than most inventors win during their lifetimes. Currently, Jobs holds over patents. The Apple II is an 8-bit home computerone of the first highly successful mass-produced microcomputer products, [48] designed primarily by Steve Wozniak Jobs oversaw the development of the Apple II's unusual case [11] and Rod Holt developed the unique power supply [49].

It was introduced in at the West Coast Computer Faire by Jobs and was the first consumer product sold by Apple Computer. The Lisa is a personal computer designed by Apple Computer, Inc.

It was the first personal computer to offer a graphical user interface in a machine aimed at individual business users. Development of the Lisa began in Inafter Jobs was forced out of the Lisa project, [] he joined the Macintosh project. The Macintosh is not a direct descendant of Lisa, although there are obvious similarities between the systems.

Jobs introduced the original Macintosh computer on January 24, This was the first mass-market personal computer featuring an integral graphical user interface and mouse. SinceApple has largely phased out the Macintosh name in favor of "Mac", though the product family has been nicknamed "Mac" or "the Mac" since the development of the first model. The ad alludes to George Orwell 's novel, Nineteen Eighty-Fourwhich described a dystopian future ruled by a televised " Big Brother. The Macintosh, however, was expensive, which hindered its ability to be competitive in a steve jobs apple computer biography already dominated by the Commodore 64 for consumers, as well as the IBM Personal Computer and its accompanying clone market for businesses.

After Jobs was forced out of Apple inhe started a company that built workstation computers. The NeXT Computer was introduced in at a lavish launch event. Tim Berners-Lee created the world's first web browser using the NeXT Computer. The NeXT Computer was the basis for today's Macintosh OS X and iPhone operating system iOS. Apple iMac was introduced in and its innovative design was directly the result of Jobs's return to Apple.

Apple boasted "the back of our computer looks better than the front of anyone else's. InApple introduced the Graphite gray Apple iMac and since has varied the shape, colour and size considerably while maintaining the all-in-one design.

Design ideas were intended to create a connection with the user such as the handle and a breathing light effect when the computer went to sleep. The iMac also featured some technical innovations, such as having USB ports as the only device inputs. This latter change resulted, through the iMac's success, in the interface being popularised among third party peripheral makers — as evidenced by the fact that many early USB peripherals were made of translucent plastic to match the iMac design.

It is used to play, download, and organize digital audio and video as well as other types of media available on the iTunes Store on personal computers running the OS X and Microsoft Windows operating systems. The iTunes Store is also available on the iPod TouchiPhoneiPad and Apple Watch. Through the iTunes Store, users can purchase and download music, music videos, television shows, audiobookspodcastsmovies, and movie rentals in some countries, and ringtonesavailable on the iPhone and iPod Touch fourth generation onward.

Application software for the iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch can be downloaded from the App Store. The first generation of iPod was released October 23, The major innovation of the iPod was its small size achieved by using a 1. The introduction of the iPod resulted in Apple becoming a major player in the music industry. Apple began work on the steve jobs apple computer biography iPhone in and the first iPhone was released on June 29, The iPhone created such a sensation that a survey wolfgang paalen biography six out of ten Americans were aware of its release.

Time Magazine declared it "Invention of the Year" for In Junethe iPhone 3GSwhose improvements included voice control, a better camera, and a faster processor, was introduced by Phil Schiller.

The first iPad was released on April 3, ; the most recent iPad models, the iPad Air 2 and iPad Mini 4were released on October 22, and September 9, The user interface is built around the device's multi-touch screen, including a virtual keyboard.

The iPad includes built-in Wi-Fi and cellular steve jobs apple computer biography on select models. As of Aprilthere have been over million iPads sold.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Steve Jobs disambiguation. Jobs showing off the iPhone 4 at the Worldwide Developers Conference.

Co-founder, Chairman, and CEO of Apple Inc. Primary investor and CEO of Pixar Founder and CEO of NeXT. The Walt Disney Company [1] Apple Inc.

List of artistic depictions of Steve Jobs. San Francisco Bay Area steve jobs apple computer biography. The Walt Disney Company. Retrieved October 2, Exploring the intersection of psychedelics and technology ZDNet". Fire in the Valley: The Birth and Death of the Personal Computer3rd Edition, Dallas: Alvy Ray Smith Homepage. Archived from the original on April 27, Retrieved January 11, Archived from the original on July 1, Retrieved June 27, Retrieved 19 May Retrieved July 7, The Journey Is the Reward".

Amazon Digital Services, ebook edition originally Scott Foresman. Steve Jobs Tells Us What Really Matters".

Retrieved July 12, THE BITE IN THE APPLE: A Memoir of My Life with Steve Jobs. The Evolution of a Reckless Upstart into a Visionary Leader". Archived from the original on Retrieved February 9, Stanford commencement address, June ". Archived from the original on February 11, Archived from the original on November 1, Retrieved February 13, Archived from the original on May 18, Retrieved October 27, Archived from the original on December 6, Retrieved April 2, He had made a bit of steve jobs apple computer biography at Atari and he just wanted to give me this gift.

I hadn't seen him in a while and was standing with my new boyfriend at the entrance to the apartment when Steve walked up. Steve touched my forehead to indicate that I was his, which I found outrageous. When I objected to the money, Steve demanded I not play the game of rejecting it. Steve was nothing if not ceremonial in his passages and this money was about him, not me, so I took it and thanked him. The Bite in the Apple: Archived from the original on May 11, Archived from the original on June 24, Retrieved August 30, Retrieved October 29, Archived from the original on September 26, What the Dormouse Said: How the Sixties Counterculture Shaped the Personal Computer Industry.

Retrieved October 5, The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved June 12, Retrieved December 29, Big Fish Games, Inc. Retrieved April 22, Archived from the steve jobs apple computer biography on June 12, ISBN Kent, Stevn: Retrieved April 19, A Complete History of Breakout". Archived from the original on June 23, Chapter Four — "Atari and India" pp. The PC Is Born. Retrieved March 27, Steve Jobs Uncut Interview with English Subtitles Video.

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Reported by Michael Moritz. The Computer Moves in. TimeJanuary 3, The Historic House Steve Jobs Demolished". The San Francisco Chronicle. We're All Mac Users Now". Archived from the original on January 4, Retrieved September 20, Retrieved May 24, Retrieved September 15, Retrieved January 28, Retrieved February 4, The Definitive History of the World's Most Colorful Company.

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Rose, Frank August 24, What Happened After Steve Jobs was Fired". Archived from the original on October 7, The steve jobs apple computer biography of the world's first-ever web server".

CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research. Archived from the steve jobs apple computer biography on January 18, Retrieved November 1, Steve Jobs and the NeXT Big Thing. Retrieved February 10, Archived from the original on March 28, Retrieved September 3, Archived from the original on November 9, Archived from the original on April 7, Retrieved January 15, A Tough Act to Follow". Archived from the original on May 8, Retrieved June 8, Birth mother Joanne Simpson does not know son has died — Daily Mail Online".

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The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on April 26, While his health problems amounted to a good deal more than 'a common bug,' they weren't life-threatening and he doesn't have a recurrence of cancer. Retrieved August 28, Archived from the original on August 31, Retrieved August 29, Archived from the steve jobs apple computer biography on August 22, Retrieved November 2, Retrieved September 11, Archived from the original on August 25, Retrieved January 5, Retrieved Biography marshall mathers 20, Retrieved January 14, Archived from the original on March 31, Jobs' was Sickest Patient on Waiting List".

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As a team member, not as CEO. He quietly left his CEO hat by the door, and collaborated with us. Retrieved September 16, Retrieved November 15, Steve Jobs, the greatest second act in the history of business Newly updated. Wiley retrieved via Google Books. Retrieved January 6, No Starch Press retrieved via Google Books.

Retrieved August 27, See May 3, Retrieved April 11, Big Brother at 20". Archived from the original on June 28, Retrieved May 9, Dawn of the Mac". Retrieved April 16, Archived from the original on April 4, Retrieved April 7, Steve Jobs unveiled the NeXT, the computer he designed after moving on from Apple Computer Inc Best Inventions of Steve Jobs.

Magical Inventions of Steve Jobs. Retrieved March 28, Evolution of the iMac". The Apple Biter's Blog. Retrieved October 15, Retrieved April 17, Archived from the original on January 10, Retrieved December 28, Retrieved July 18, Archived from the original on September 6, Retrieved 6 December Retrieved October 8, Find more about Steve Jobs at Wikipedia's sister projects. Timeline Apple Computer Macintosh NeXT Pixar Return to Apple.

Artistic depictions Honors and public recognition. Laurene Powell Jobs widow Mona Simpson sister Lisa Brennan-Jobs daughter. Stevenote Reality distortion field Stay Hungry Stay Foolish Jackling House Seva Foundation Venus commercial Think different. Steve Jobs Steve Wozniak Ronald Wayne.

Bell Tim Cook CEO Albert Gore Jr. Iger Andrea Jung Arthur D. Levinson Chairman Ronald D. Anderson Gil Amelio Bill Campbell Mickey Drexler Larry Ellison Steve Jobs Delano Lewis Mike Markkula Arthur Rock Eric Schmidt John Sculley Edgar S. Tim Cook CEO Jonathan Ive CDO Jeff Williams COO Luca Maestri CFO Angela Ahrendts Philip W. Schiller Eddy Cue Craig Federighi Dan Riccio Johny Srouji Bruce Sewell Lisa Jackson. Steve Jobs Fred D. Anderson John Browett Tony Fadell Scott Forstall Nancy R. Heinen Ron Johnson Peter Oppenheimer Mark Papermaster Jon Rubinstein Bertrand Serlet Sina Tamaddon Avie Tevanian Gil Amelio Ellen Hancock David Nagel Guerrino De Luca.

Apple ID Apple Maps Apple Music Apple Pay Developer iAd TestFlight Game Center iCloud MobileMe iWork News Newsstand. Apple Store App Store iBookstore iTunes Store Mac App Store. AppleCare Apple Specialist Certifications Genius Bar ProCare One to One. Macintosh Intel transition iPod Nano Shuffle Touch iPhone iPad Mini Air Pro Apple TV Apple Watch Apple SIM Apple Mobile Processors.

Classic Mac OS macOS History Server Software iOS Version history tvOS watchOS Core Foundation Developer Tools Final Cut Pro Logic Studio QuickTime CarPlay. Beats Electronics Beats Music Braeburn Capital FileMaker Inc. Beats Electronics Beats Music Cue Emagic FingerWorks Intrinsity Lala NeXT Nothing Real Metaio P.

Semi PrimeSense Siri Spotsetter Topsy. Advertising Think different Get a Mac iPods Product Red Campus Park Design IDg Typography Book Didi Chuxing History Codenames Community Criticism Litigation FBI—Apple encryption dispute iOS app approvals Apple Music Festival Welcome to Macintosh documentary Artistic depictions of Steve Jobs.

Key figures in the history of Apple Inc. Michael Scott — Mike Markkula — John Sculley — Michael Spindler — Gil Amelio — Steve Jobs — Tim Cook —present. Angela Ahrendts Fred D. Anderson Bill Atkinson Susan Barnes Chrisann Brennan Steve Capps Satjiv S. Original Macintosh developer team.

Bill Atkinson Steve Capps George Crow Chris Espinosa Andy Hertzfeld Joanna Hoffman Bruce Horn Steve Jobs Susan Kare Jef Raskin Burrell Smith Bud Tribble Steve Wozniak. NeXT to Steve Jobs Ross Perot John Patrick Crecine as of Susan Barnes George Crow Joanna Hoffman Steve Jobs Susan Kare Rich Page Bud Tribble.

NeXT Computer NeXTcube NeXTcube Turbo NeXTstation NeXTdimension NeXT MegaPixel Display NeXT Laser Printer. NeXTSTEP OpenStep WebObjects Interface Builder.

Toy Story A Bug's Life Toy Story 2 Monsters, Inc. Cars 3 Coco The Incredibles 2 Cars Toons —14 Toy Story Toons — Tiny Toy Stories Pixar Short Films Collection, Volume 1 Cars Toons: Mater's Tall Tales Pixar Short Films Collection, Volume 2 Toy Story of Terror!

Toy Story —present Monsters, Inc. The Adventure Begins Buzz Lightyear of Star Command —01 Exploring the Reef Turtle Talk with Crush John Carter Planes Planes: The Pixar Story Pixar Image Computer RenderMan Marionette. John Lasseter Edwin Catmull Steve Jobs Alvy Ray Smith Jim Morris. Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: Retrieved from " https: Steve Jobs births deaths 20th-century American businesspeople 21st-century American businesspeople American adoptees American billionaires American computer businesspeople American film studio executives American industrial designers American inventors American people of Swiss descent American people of German descent American people of Syrian descent American technology chief executives American technology company founders American Zen Buddhists Apple Inc.

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